National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) and Biogas
The Government of Nepal (GoN) and External Development Partners supporting Nepal's rural and renewable energy sector have designed National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP). AEPC has been shouldering with the responsibility on programme implementation for upcoming five years starting from mid-July 2012 to mid-July 2017. It will be completed in a single programme modality.
On guidance of wider vision, mission, goals and strategies and the lessons learnt from the past experience, on achieving further advancement in Renewable Energy (RE) sector/ technologies, the Biogas Sub-component of AEPC/NRREP, along with the household plants dwells upon the promotion of community, large, institutional biogas plants and municipal scale waste to energy (W2E) projects. Recently, AEPC has started the promotion of "Sahari Gharelu Biogas Plants" (SGBP).
History of Biogas in Nepal
The first historical biogas system was introduced in 1955 at St. Xavier’s School in Godavari, 20 kilometers south- east of Kathmandu by late Rev. B.R. Saubolle, S.J. His observation of the system’s performance and the people’s reaction to the technology was indeed noteworthy. On the occasion of “Agricultural Year”, a biogas programme was launched by the government as a special program in 1975. This marked the beginning of the growth in the implementation of biogas systems. Further momentum in the development took place in 1977 with the establishment of the Gobar Gas Company (GGC), a pioneering and leading biogas system construction company in Nepal.
Later on, with the launching of Biogas Support Programme (BSP) in July 1992 with funding support from the GoN and Directorate General for International Cooperation of the Netherlands (DGIS) through the Netherlands Development Organization-Nepal (SNV/N) accelerated the dissemination in a managed way. The German Development Bank (KfW) also started funding the Biogas Support Programme and it continued till July 2012. At the time the technology has reached in all 75 districts and over 2800 VDCs of the country. Moreover the successful technology dissemination model has been replicated in ca 22 countries across Asia and Africa. At present the biogas technology is being promoted by National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme under AEPC supported by the Government of Nepal, DANIDA, the Norwegian Government, KfW, WB, SNV and DFID.
Out of three major technical components (Biomass, Hydro and Solar), Biogas is an important sub-component and Biogas, since its formation under AEPC, has been playing the crucial role in drafting policies and managerial role on implementation of biogas programmes all over Nepal. It has been promoting/ developing the different ranges of innovative technologies related to biogas system focusing on the issues of regional balance, gender and social inclusion, disadvantage groups, technological shift/decentralization/transformation. These biogas promotional programs and systems developed in Nepal are replicated in ca 22 countries of Asia and Africa. Comprising the technical and non-technical human resources, this sub-component is performing well on its planned activities.
The objective of the Biogas Subcomponent (BSC) under AEPC is determined as per the ongoing programme of National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP). Within the NRREP period of 5 years, BSC is planning for to make avail of multiple choices in designs and digesters, village to urban, household to large size in biogas technology. The subcomponent is strictly abiding with the development objective of NRREP which has a prime move on improving the living standard of rural women and men, increase employment of women and men as well as productivity, reduce dependency on traditional energy and attain sustainable development via integrating the alternative energy with the socio-economic activities of women and men in rural communities. Along with the rural, increase on the urban energy access via biogas system is in the prime concern of the subcomponent.
Biogas team comprises the technical and non-technical staffs handling the entire technology dissemination works. Administrative, logistictic, non/technical works are being executed in coordination and collaboration with governmental, non-governmental, national, international partner agencies.
|S.N||Name of staff||Designation|
|1||Prakash Aryal||Component Manager|
|2||Uttam Prasad Jha||National Advisor|
|3||Suraj Regmi||Program Officer|
|4||Sushim Man Amatya||Programme Officer|
|5||Saroj Karki||Assistant Programme Officer|
Stakeholders of Biogas Dissemination
Following are the National, International working agencies involving directly, indirectly in the dissemination efforts of biogas technologies all over Nepal:
|AEPC (Alternative Energy Promotion Center)||Executing Agency|
|DDC/District Environment, Energy and Climate Change Sections||National Partners|
|BSP-N (Biogas Sector Partnership-Nepal)|
|NBPA (Nepal Biogas Promotion Association)|
|Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs)/ Cooperatives|
|Asian Development Bank (ADB)|