Primary energy consumption is supplied by biomass sources in Nepal. The major sources are forest, animal dung and agriculture residue. Technologies that efficiency of biomass use are essential for the country’s development and improvement of living conditions, particularly of rural poor. Improved cooking stoves and biogas are the most successful bio energy technologies in use in Nepal today as they have been developed and adapted over the years to suit local conditions. Emerging biomass energy technologies include briquettes, gasifiers, cogeneration and liquid bio fuels. 


Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) implemented National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) is promoting and conducting research and development on these technologies so as to improve their performance and ensure their wide scale application.